Montenegro is a country in the Balkans, on the Adriatic Sea, home to 680,000 people. For most of the 20th century, it was part of Yugoslavia, which started to break apart in the Yugoslav Wars in the 1990s. Montenegro remained united with Serbia until it became independent in 2006. It is one of Europe’s youngest states. Infrastructure greatly improved since independence as Montenegro became home to numerous five-star hotels, glamorous new settlements and investments in roads, energy, water and sanitary pipelines.
The terrain of Montenegro ranges from high mountains through a segment of the Karst of the western Balkan Peninsula, to a narrow coastal plain that is only one to four miles wide. The coastal plain disappears completely in the north, where Mount Lovcen and other ranges plunge abruptly into the inlet of the Gulf of Kotor. The high mountains there, include some of the most rugged terrains in Europe. They average more than 2,100 m (7,000 ft) in elevation.
Montenegro’s lower areas along the coast enjoy a Mediterranean climate, having dry summers and mild, rainy winters. Central and northern regions have Continental climate, where temperature varies greatly with elevation. Podgorica the capital, lying near sea level in the valley of the central region, is noted for having the warmest July temperatures, averaging 35-40°C
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