Kosovo is a largely mountainous country in South-Eastern Europe. Last, to go its own way following the break up of former Yugoslavia, it declared independence in February 2008 but Serbia has not recognized it. Kosovo borders Albania from the west, Montenegro from the northwest, North Macedonia from the south, and Serbia to the northeast.
In 2019, the Republic of Kosovo is recognized by more than half of the UN member states. The vast majority of the population is ethnic Albanian. Small minorities include Serbs, Bosniaks, Turks, Gorani. Most Albanians, as well as Bosniaks and Turks, are Muslim, but the Republic of Kosova is a secular state and all religious groups freely observe their key feasts and celebration dates.
Kosovo is also young in terms of the average age of the population, with more than 70 percent of its population under the age of 35.
Most people in Kosovo speak Albanian, while in Serb-majority areas, such as the north, Serbian is spoken – both are official languages and appear on road signs, etc. All Kosovar Albanians born in 1987 or earlier will understand Serbian, although it may result in a hostile reaction if you try to speak Serbian to them.
Young people, particularly in major cities such as Pristina and Prizren, are likely to understand English. Some older people are able to speak Serbian, as it was compulsory in schools during the communist era.
Turkish can be useful, and the Turkish minority speaks both Turkish and Albanian.
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